CHANGES MONOCYTE CHEMOATTRACTANTS PROTEIN-1 IN HELICOBACTER PYLORIASSOCIATED GASTRODUODENAL DISEASES

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Abstract

Chemoattractants monocyte protein-1 (MCP-1) is a low molecular weight cytokine, secreted by many cells of the body. The synthesis  of MCP-1 can induce the lipopolysaccharides of bacteria, a range of  cytokines. It is believed that MCP-1 regulates the migration and  infiltration of tissue by monocytes, T-lymphocytes memory, natural  killer cells, is involved in differentiation of naive T-helper cells. There  is evidence oncogenic and antitumor activity of MCP-1 at different stages of tumor progression. The aim of this work was the  determination and comparison of serum level of MCP-1 by infection  with Helicobacter (H.) pylori in precancerous conditions and gastric cancer.

Material and methods. Surveyed with the informed consent 204  patients with precancerous diseases of the stomach, 40 patients with gastric cancer and 40 healthy volunteers. Patients at  esophagogastroduodenoscopy conducted the fence of material for  target biopsy for histological and microbiological studies. Blood on  the immunoassay climbed in the morning on an empty stomach from the cubital vein in a volume of 5 ml in a vial without preserving  agent, the serum was separated by centrifugation for 10 minutes. By ELISA in the serum of patients determined the level of MCP-1, titer of total antibodies to the cytotoxin-associated protein of H. pylori. The obtained data statistically processed.

Results. The amount of MCP-1 in serum of the patients significantly  exceeded the data of healthy individuals in all groups of comparison. Values of MCP-1 during exacerbation of gastric ulcer  was higher than patients with exacerbation of chronic not atrophic  and focal atrophic gastritis. The concentration of MCP-1 > 280 pg/ml was detected in 17.6% of patients with pre-cancerous conditions of the stomach. When ulceration process there was a strong direct correlation of the severity of its course and the number of MCP-1 in  serum. Serum level of MCP-1 in 5.0% of patients with gastric cancer was at the upper limit of normal values, and 77.5% of  patients exceeded it. Indicator in gastric cancer significantly prevailed over the values in precancerous conditions, was correlated with the tumor stage. The level of MCP-1 in serum of  the examined healthy volunteers, patients with exacerbation of  chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer disease, polyposis, gastric cancer was  correlated with the titers of total antibodies to the cytotoxin-associated protein of H. pylori.

Conclusion. Determination of serum level of MCP-1 in precancerous conditions and gastric cancer is diagnostically valuable. Comparison  of indicator values with the titers of total antibodies to the cytotoxin- associated protein of H. pylori prognostically significant, as it allows  to assess the intensity of the induction signal to production of a  cytokine.

About the authors

L. V. Matveeva

National Research Mordovia State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: MatveevaLjubov1@mail.ru

PhD (Medicine), Associate Professor, Department of  Immunology, Microbiology and Virology, Medical Institute  National Research Mordovia State University, Saransk, Russian Federation

430032, Russian Federation, Saransk, Ulyanov str., 26a

Phone: +7 (8342) 35-25-16 (office). Fax: +7 (8342) 32-19-83

Russian Federation

R. C. Kapkaeva

National Research Mordovia State University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Graduate Student of 3 Year of Study, Department of Hospital  Therapy, Medical Institute National Research Mordovia State University, Saransk, Russian Federation

Russian Federation

A. N. Chudajkin

National Research Mordovia State University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Graduate Student of 1 Year of Study, Department of  Immunology, Microbiology and Virology, Medical Institute  National Research Mordovia State University, Saransk, Russian Federation

Russian Federation

L. S. Mishanina

National Research Mordovia State University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Applicant, Department of Immunology, Microbiology and  Virology, Medical Institute National Research Mordovia State University, Saransk, Russian Federation

Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2018 Matveeva L.V., Kapkaeva R.C., Chudajkin A.N., Mishanina L.S.

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