Type of Cercaria in Freshwater Snails at Tunggu Pampang Reservoir, Makassar City, Indonesia

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The Tunggu Pampang Reservoir is one of the reservoirs located in the city of Makassar. The functions of the reservoir area was tourist attractions and fish farming locations so that the local community uses them for swimming, fishing, selling, and gardening. The existence of various types of freshwater snails in the reservoir has the potential to act as intermediate hosts for trematodes in animals and humans. This study aimed to analyze the type of cercariae in freshwater snails. This research is a descriptive survey to determine the distribution of trematode larvae. The stages of this research began with the snails were collected from Tunggu Pampang Reservoir, Makassar City. Freshwater snails were collected at several points in the reservoir. Freswater snail collection using hand collecting method. The snails were put into a plastic bag with different types of snails and site of collection. The collected samples and cercariae were examined in the Tropical Disease Laboratory of the Study Program of DIII Medical Laboratory Technology, Megarezky University, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Freshwater snails are placed on a petri dish and gently crushed by the snail shells using a stamper. Dropped with aquadest on the crushed snail shell. The next step was observed using a microscope to determine the presence of cercariae. Cercariae found then identified according to morphological classification as previously study. A total number of 500 freshwater snail were collected in Tunggu Pampang Reservoir. The results showed that overall snails infected with cercariae was 33,4%.  The highest prevalence of cercariae in Indoplanorbis exustus was 94.3%. Total of echinostome cercariae found (n=224) compared to furcocercous cercariae (n=5). This cercariae potential for establishment of zoonosis diseases, such as Echinostoma sp, Fasciola gigantica, Fasciolopsis buski in human and animal in Tunggu Pampang Reservoir. Larval trematodes can be controlled in snails using reducing parasite contamination, monitoring surveillance, information dissemination, and preventive education.

About the authors

Arif Rahman Jabal

Palangka Raya University

Email: arifrjabal@med.upr.ac.id
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7467-5196

Arif Rahman Jabal, B.Sc, M.Sc

Indonesia, Palangka Raya University

Arini Ratnasari

Palangka Raya University

Email: ratnasaria18c@student.unhas.ac.id

Dr. Arini Ratnasari, BPH

Indonesia, Palangka Raya University

Dian Mutiasari

Palangka Raya University

Email: mutiasari_dian@med.upr.ac.id

Dian Mutiasari, MD, MPH

Indonesia, Palangka Raya University

Agnes Immanuela Toemon

Palangka Raya University

Email: agnes_immanuelatoemon@med.upr.ac.id

Agnes Immanuela Toemon, MD, Sp. ParK


Hairil Akbar

Graha Medika Institute of Health And Technology

Email: hairilakbar@stikesgrahamedika.ac.id

Hairil Akbar, BPH, MPH


M. Arfah

Megarezky University

Email: marfah093@gmail.com

M. Arfah, B.Voc. MLT


Rini Rini

Megarezky University

Email: rinisuhary25@gmail.com

Rini, B.Voc. MLT


Marhani Marhani

Megarezky University

Email: marhanymakmur98@gmail.com

Marhani, B.Voc. MLT


Nur Alam Sobak

Megarezky University

Author for correspondence.
Email: nuralamsobak99@gmail.com

Nur Alam Sobak, B.Voc. MLT


Anggit Julianingsih Pisu

Megarezky University

Email: anggitjulianingsih@gmail.com


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Copyright (c) 2021 Jabal A.R., Ratnasari A., Mutiasari D., Toemon A.I., Akbar H., Arfah M., Rini R., Marhani M., Sobak N.A., Pisu A.J.

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