Features of proinflammatory cytokine production in patients with allergic rhinitis combined with Helicobacter pylori-associated pathologies

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Abstract

Investigating a role for pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in immune and inflammatory response represents one of the most pressing topics in current immunology. There have been accumulated a great body of data regarding the cytokine status during inflammatory processes in gastrointestinal tract. However, many issues remain poorly elucidated. Moreover, most of the studies were mainly aimed at examining biopsy material cytokines collected from various parts of the gastrointestinal tract or gastric juice. Here we present the data on investigating the features of cytokine production in patients with allergic rhinitis combined with H. pylori-associated diseases of the upper gastrointestinal tract. A total of 225 patients aged 18 to 40 years (mean age 29.5±6.74 years) were examined, among which 43 patients suffered from allergic rhinitis, 66 patients had inflammatory diseases of the upper gastrointestinal tract (chronic gastritis/gastroduodenitis), and 69 patients — allergic rhinitis with concomitant inflammatory diseases of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Patients were stratified to various study groups depending on diagnosed allergic rhinitis and H. pylori infection. Serum IL-6 and IL-8 level and complete blood cell count were measured. Statistical significance for difference in parameter frequencies between independent groups was assessed by using Fisher's exact test or χ2 criteria. It was shown that serum IL-6 level in H. pylori-negative patients was within the reference interval with single spikes, whereas its production was markedly increased in patients with H. pylori infection regardless of allergic pathology. Frequency of subjects with elevated serum IL-8 level was comparable between groups of patients with gastrointestinal diseases, but significantly higher than that one in the control group. An interdependence between serum IL-8 level and white blood cell count was found, which is of interest for predicting development of the inflammatory process. Thus, the serum IL-8 level during the upper gastrointestinal tract inflammatory diseases was increased regardless of verified of H. pylori infection and allergic rhinitis, whereas increased IL-6 serum level was observed solely in H. pylori-positive patients.

About the authors

N. S. Iraklionova

Volgograd State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: ins2904@rambler.ru

Nataliya S. Iraklionova - Assistant Professor, Department of Immunology and Allergology, Volgograd State Medical University.

400131, Volgograd, Pavshikh Bortsov sq., 1.

Phone: +7 (961) 080-10-10 (office)

Russian Federation

E. B. Belan

Volgograd State Medical University

Email: belan.eleonora@yandex.ru

PhD, MD (Medicine), Professor, Head of the Department of Immunology and Allergology, Volgograd State Medical University.

Volgograd.

Russian Federation

S. V. Turkina

Volgograd State Medical University

Email: turkinasv@rambler.ru

PhD, MD (Medicine), Professor, Department of Internal Medicine of the Pediatrics and Dental Faculties, Volgograd State Medical University.

Volgograd.

Russian Federation

A. M. Dotsenko

Volgograd State Medical University

Email: evt8278@yandex.ru

Assistant Professor, Department of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Volgograd State Medical University.

Volgograd.

Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2020 Iraklionova N.S., Belan E.B., Turkina S.V., Dotsenko A.M.

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