THE IMPORTANCE OF PATHOGENICITY FACTORS OF OPPORTUNISTIC MICROORGANISMS IN THE ASSESSMENT OF THEIR ROLE IN DISEASE DEVELOPMENT

Cover Page

Cite item

Abstract

Absract. The following pathogenicity factors of microorganisms prevailed in case of acute inflammation of the upper respiratory tract were studied: adhesive characteristics, hemolytic, hemagglutination, neuraminidase activities. It was established that microorganisms of the Moraxella genius have strongest adhesive characteristic. The high hemolytic and hemagglutination activity is inherent in microorganisms of the Staphylococcus and Streptococcus genius. In the case of isolation from patients microbial associations the clinical symptoms and pathogenicity factors of microbes-associates were more apparent.

About the authors

E. S. Kunilova

Лабораторная служба «Хеликс», Санкт-Петербург

Author for correspondence.
Email: ekunilova@mail.ru

врач-лаборант

197022, Санкт-Петербург, Каменноостровский пр., 42, литера А

Russian Federation

L. A. Kraeva

ФБУН НИИ эпидемиологии и микробиологии имени Пастера, Санкт-Петербург

Email: ekunilova@mail.ru
Russian Federation

G. Y. Tseneva

ФБУН НИИ эпидемиологии и микробиологии имени Пастера, Санкт-Петербург

Email: ekunilova@mail.ru
Russian Federation

G. N. Hamdulayeva

ФБУН НИИ эпидемиологии и микробиологии имени Пастера, Санкт-Петербург

Email: ekunilova@mail.ru
Russian Federation

References

  1. Карась С.Р. Адгезивные свойства дифтерийных бактерий, выделенных от различных источников: Автореф. дис. … канд. биол. наук. — М., 1990. — 22 с.
  2. Костюкова Н.Н. Значение адгезии C. diphtheriae в эпидемиологии дифтерии // Тез. докл. IV Всерос. съезда микробиол., эпидемиол. и паразитол. — Н. Новгород, 1991. — Т. 1. — С. 34–35.
  3. Костюкова Н.Н. Начальный этап инфекционного процесса — колонизация и пути ее предотвращения // ЖМЭИ. — 1989. — № 9. — С. 103–110.
  4. Коротяев А.И., Бабичев С.А. Медицинская микробиология. — СПб.: Специальная литература, 1998. — 580 с.
  5. Маянский А.Н. Микробиология для врачей. — Н. Новгород: Изд-во НГМА, 1999. — 393 с.
  6. Медицинская микробиология / Под ред. В.И. Покровского, О.К. Поздеева. — М.: ГЭОТАР МЕДИЦИНА, 1999. — 1200 с.
  7. Определитель бактерий Берджи: в 2 т. / Под ред. Дж. Хоулта, Н. Крита и др.; пер с англ. — М.: Мир, 1997. — 800 с.
  8. Akgul G., Erturk A., Turkoz M., Turan T., Ichinose A., Nagatake T., Ahmed K. Role of lipooligosaccharide in the attachment of Moraxella catarrhalis to human pharyngeal epithelial cells // Microbiol. Immunol. — 2005. — N 49. — P. 931–935.
  9. Akira S., Uematsu S., Takeuchi O. Pathogen recognition and innate immunity // Cell. — 2006. — N 124. — P. 783–801.
  10. Attia A.S., Lafontaine E.R., Latimer J.L., Aebi C., Syrogiannopoulos G.A., Hansen E.J. The UspA2 protein of Moraxella catarrhalis is directly involved in the expression of serum resistance // Infect. Immun. — 2005. — N 73. — P. 2400–2410.
  11. Balder R., Hassel J., Lipski S., Lafontaine E.R. Moraxella catarrhalis strain O35E expresses two filamentous hemagglutinin-like proteins that mediate adherence to human epithelial cells // Infect. Immun. — 2007. — N 75. — P. 2765–2775.
  12. Bootsma J.H., van der Heide H.G., van de Pas S., Schouls L.M., Mooi F.R. Analysis of Moraxella catarrhalis by DNA typing: evidence for a distinct subpopulation associated with virulence traits // J. Infect. Dis. — 2000. — N 181. — P. 1376–1387.
  13. Bullard B., Lipski S., Lafontaine E.R. Regions important for the adhesin activity of Moraxella catarrhalis Hag // BMC Microbiol. — 2007. — N 7. — P. 65.
  14. Catlin B.W. Branhamella catarrhalis: an organism gaining respect as a pathogen // Clin. Microbiol. Rev. — 1990. — N 3. — P. 293–320.
  15. Cossart P., Sansonetti P.J. Bacterial invasion: the paradigms of enteroinvasive pathogens // Science. — 2004. — N 304. — P. 242–248.
  16. Craig L., Pique M.E., Tainer J.A. Type IV pilus structure and bacterial pathogenicity // Nat. Rev. Microbiol. — 2004. — N 2. — P. 363–378.
  17. Gorter A.D., Oostrik J., van der Ley P., Hiemstra P.S., Dankert J., van Alphen L. Involvement of lipooligosaccharides of Haemophilus influenzae and Neisseria meningitidis in defensin-enhanced bacterial adherence to epithelial cells // Microb. Pathog. — 2003. — N 34. — P. 121–130.
  18. Hall-Stoodley L., Costerton J.W., Stoodley P. Bacterial biofilms: from the natural environment to infectious diseases // Nat. Rev. Microbiol. — 2004. — N 2. — P. 95–108.
  19. Hodak H., Clantin B., Willery E., Villeret V., Locht C., Jacob-Dubuisson F. Secretion signal of the filamentous haemagglutinin, a model two-partner secretion substrate // Mol. Microbiol. — 2006. — N 61. — P. 368–382.
  20. Holm M.M., Vanlerberg S.L., Foley I.M., Sledjeski D.D., Lafontaine E.R. The Moraxella catarrhalis porin-like outer membrane protein CD is an adhesin for human lung cells // Infect. Immun. — 2004. — N 72. — P. 1906–1913.
  21. Holme T., Rahman M., Jansson P.E., Widmalm G. The lipopolysaccharide of Moraxella catarrhalis structural relationships and antigenic properties // Eur. J. Biochem. — 1999. — N 265. — P. 524–529.
  22. Jacques M. Role of lipooligosaccharides and lipopolysaccharides in bacterial adherence // Trends Microbiol. — 1996. — N 4. — P. 408–409.
  23. Luke N.R., Jurcisek J.A., Bakaletz L.O., Campagnari A.A. Contribution of Moraxella catarrhalis type IV pili to nasopharyngeal colonization and biofilm formation // Infect. Immun. — 2007. — N 75. — P. 5559–5564.
  24. Microbiology Laboratory Manual / J. Harley, J.P. Harley; 7th Edition. — USA, 2007. — 2256 p.
  25. Murphy T.F., Brauer A.L., Grant B.J., Sethi S. Moraxella catarrhalis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: burden of disease and immune response // Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. — 2005. — N 172. — P. 195–199.
  26. Nordström T., Blom A.M., Forsgren A., Riesbeck K. The emerging pathogen Moraxella catarrhalis interacts with complement inhibitor C4b bin ding protein through ubiquitous surface proteins A1 and A2 // J. Immunol. — 2004. — N 173. — P. 4598– 4606.
  27. Pearson M.M., Laurence C.A., Guinn S.E., Hansen E.J. Biofilm formation by Moraxella catarrhalis in vitro: roles of the UspA1 adhesin and the Hag hemagglutinin // Infect. Immun. — 2006. — N 74. — P. 1588–1596.
  28. Reddy M. S., Murphy T.F., Faden H.S., Bernstein J.M. Middle ear mucin glycoprotein: purification and interaction with nontypable Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis // Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. — 1997. — N 116. — P. 175–180.
  29. Sethi S., Sethi R., Eschberger K., Lobbins P., Cai X., Grant B.J., Murphy T.F. Airway bacterial concentrations and exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease // Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. — 2007. — N 176. — P. 356–361.
  30. Spaniol V., Heiniger N., Troller R., Aebi C. Outer membrane protein UspA1 and lipooligosaccharide are involved in invasion of human epithelial cells by Moraxella catarrhalis // Microbes Infect. — 2008. — N 10. — P. 3–11.
  31. Vries S.P.W., Bootsma H.J., Hays J.P., Hermans P.W.M. Molecular aspects of Moraxella catarrhalis pathogenesis // Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. — 2009. — Vol. 73, N 3. — P. 389–406.

Copyright (c) 2014 Kunilova E.S., Kraeva L.A., Tseneva G.Y., Hamdulayeva G.N.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies