Neuropeptide system parameters in acute herpes zoster

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Abstract

The neuropeptides comprise an important part in the nervous system interacting with endocrine and immune systems. Peptide regulators are responsible for the continuity of communicating elements, which support homeostasis, however, despite abundant research examining neuropeptides, not all specific mechanisms and features of interacting proteins with cells and immune components have been uncovered. Objective: to perform a comprehensive assessment of neuropeptide system in patients with herpes zoster. Materials and methods: 106 in-hospital patients were examined diagnosed with herpes zoster within 2016–2019 period. Control group consisted of 30 healthy age- and sex-matched volunteers. Blood serum was collected after verifying diagnosis on day 1. After discharge, patients were monitored for signs of pain syndrome and overall state within 3 months. It allowed to divide patients into 3 groups retrospectively. Group 1 — patients with herpes zoster, accompanied by mild or moderate pain syndrome; group 2 — patients with herpes zoster, accompanied by severe pain; group 3 — patients with herpes zoster, complicated by postherpetic neuralgia. Level of serum protein s100B, myelin basic protein, nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neuron specific enolase was measured by using specific reagents purchased from “R&D Diagnostics Inc.” (США). Results. it was found that level of serum protein S100B in all groups was significantly increased compared to control group, showing no inter-group differences. Amount of myelin basic protein in all study groups vs. control was significantly higher. Moreover, level of these parameters in group 2 vs. group 1 and 3 was significantly elevated. In addition, level of nerve growth factor was significantly increased in group 1 vs. groups 2 and 3, whereas in group 3 it was significantly lower than in control and group 2. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor was significantly decreased in all the study groups compared to control, showing no significant intergroup differences. Level of neuron-specific enolase was significantly increased in group 3 vs. control as well as group 1 and 2. The data obtained allowed to identify two parameters for assessing a risk of postherpetic neuralgia in acute herpes zoster, as well as provided deeper insights into the pathogenesis of neuroimmune disorders accompanying herpes zoster.

About the authors

S. V. Knysh

Pacific State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: immunolog.vl@gmail.com

Sergei V. Knysh – Assistant Professor, Normal and Pathological Physiology Department

690002, Vladivostok, Ostryakova str., 2
Phone: +7 995 773-65-23 

Russian Federation

E. V. Markelova

Pacific State Medical University

Email: markev2010@mail.ru

PhD, MD (Medicine), Professor, Head of Normal and Pathological Physiology Department

Vladivostok

Russian Federation

A. I. Simakova

Pacific State Medical University

Email: patphis-vl@mail.ru

PhD, MD (Medicine), Associate Professor, Head of Infectious Diseases Department

Vladivostok

 

Russian Federation

A. V. Karaulov

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: drkaraulov@mail.ru

PhD, MD (Medicine), RAS Full Member, Head of Clinical Immunology and Allergology Department

Moscow

Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2020 Knysh S.V., Markelova E.V., Simakova A.I., Karaulov A.V.

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